What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is the name given to a group of different conditions in which there is too much glucose in the blood. There are two main types of diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes can and does occur at any age, it’s usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 1 diabetes is the less common form of diabetes, affecting just 10-15% of all people with diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin because the cells that actually make the insulin have been destroyed by the body’s own immune system. This insulin must be replaced. Therefore people with Type 1 diabetes must have insulin every day to live.
Type 2 Diabetes
While adults are usually affected, more and more younger people, even children, are now developing Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes is a lifestyle disease and is strongly associated with high blood pressure, abnormal blood fats and the classic ‘apple shape’ body where there is extra weight around the middle.
People with Type 2 Diabetes are usually insulin resistant. This means that their pancreas is making insulin but the insulin is not working as well as it should. The pancreas responds by working harder to make more insulin. Eventually it can’t make enough to keep the glucose balance right and blood glucose levels rise.
Adopting a healthy lifestyle may delay the need for tablets and/ or insulin. However it is important to know that if you do need tablets and/ or insulin, this is just a natural progression of the disease. By taking tablets and/ or insulin as soon as they are needed, complications caused by diabetes can be reduced.
Can Type 2 Diabetes be prevented?
People at risk of Type 2 Diabetes can delay and even prevent developing it by following a healthy lifestyle. This includes regular physical activity, making healthy food choices and achieving a healthier body weight, especially if they have been told that they have risk factors for diabetes.
How can Ingrid help you?
Ingrid will provide you with the most up-to-date nutrition information in relation to diabetes. She will help you understand and provide you with comprehensive information handouts on:
Carbohydrate – Carbohydrate foods and effect on blood glucose levels, types of carbohydrate foods (Glycemic Index) and how much to eat.
Fats – Different types of fats, which type of fats to eat, food sources, how much to eat.
Tips for recipe modification to prepare a healthy meal
Healthy snack ideas
Ingrid will develop a personalised meal plan suited to your food preferences and lifestyle.