Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Crohn's & Ulcerative Colitis

What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is used to describe Ulcerative Colitis and Crohns Disease. Both of these conditions involve inflammation of the bowel wall and their cause is still unknown.

shutterstock_1557815138 Ulcerative colit

Ulcerative Colitis is inflammation of the mucous membrane or superficial lining of the large bowel (the colon). If only the last section of the large bowel is involved, it is called ulcerative proctitis.

Common symptoms include diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, passing mucous, abdominal pain, discomfort and tiredness.

Crohn’s Disease is inflammation of the full thickness of the intestinal wall rather than just the superficial lining. Unlike ulcerative colitis, crohn’s disease can involve any part of the digestive tract (from mouth to anus). However, it most commonly occurs in the large bowel (colitis) and/ or terminal ileum, which is the last section of the small bowel (ileitis). If both the small and large bowel are affected, it is called ileo-colitis.

Common symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and weight loss.

The exact cause of IBD is not known. There is no evidence to suggest that food is the cause. Some types of food may, in some cases, appear to exacerbate symptoms. However, it is very important to follow a healthy, balanced diet, particularly when you are well and not in an active phase of the disease. And the extra nutritional demands that occur during flare-ups can significantly reduce your energy and nutrient reserves. It is essential you follow a diet that will provide nutrients to replace those depleted during previous flare ups.

How can Ingrid help you?

Ingrid will develop a personalised healthy eating plan based on your food preferences and should you have any deficiencies we will also discuss supplementation with vitamins and minerals.